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譯文賞析

中國文化典籍英語翻譯莊周論道《秋水篇》

分類:Class_Nav_News2   2016-05-13

    以道觀之,物無貴賤:以物觀之,自貴而相賤;以俗觀之,貴賤不在己。以差觀之,因其所大而大之,則萬物莫不大;因其所小而小之,則萬物莫不小,知天地之為梯米也,知毫末之為丘山也,則有差教睹矣。以功觀之,因其所有而有之,則萬物莫不有;因其所無而無之,則萬物莫不無;知東西之相反而不可以相無,則功分定矣。以趣觀之,因其所然而然之,則萬物莫不然;因其所非而非之,則萬物莫不非;知免桀之自然而相非,則趣操睹矣。

    From the standpoint of Tao, there is nothing which is valuable or worthless. Whereas from the point of view of things, each holds itself as something valuable and other things as of no account. From the poinl of view of the vulgar, the value or worthlessness of a man does not depend upon himself (but upon wealth, position, etc), If looking at things according to iheir gradated differences, we say they are relatively big, then there is nothing in the universe which is not big; if we say they arc relatively small, there is nothing in the universe which is not small. To know that Heaven and Earth are but as a tare-seed,and that the tip of a hair is a mountain: this is the expression of relativity.From the viewpoint of its function, if we say that a ihing exists or does not exist, in reference to the function it fulfills or does not fulfill, then there is nothing which does not exist, nothing which does exist. If we know that east and west are opposite, and yet that the one cannot be without the other, we know the due adjustment of the functions of things.From the viewpoint of the biases (of things), if we say that anything is right because it is right (in its own eyes), then there is nothing which is not right, if we say that anything is wrong because it is wrong (in the eyes of others), then there is nothing which is not wrong.To know that Yao and Chieh were both good and both evil from their opposite points of view: this is to see their bias.

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